Raw materials for making carpets - rayon

- Aug 02, 2019-

Since the early 1950s, man-made fibers have become popular, and the performance of artificial carpet fibers has made tremendous progress.

·Acrylic fiber

Acrylic fiber is not as wear-resistant as nylon, and its flame retardancy is not as good as wool, but it has good expansion and elasticity.

·Polyamide (nylon)

There are several brands of nylon, such as ANTRON, Anso and Timbrelle. Nylon is a strong, elastic fiber that has good stain resistance and is less susceptible to soiling than earlier nylon carpets. It is more flammable than wool and tends to generate static electricity. Nylon is usually added to the wool to improve the abrasion resistance of the fabric, especially at low velvet weights and densities. The most popular nylon brand is ANTRON, which is manufactured by DuPont and has excellent durability and softness.

·Polyester

Polyester is used in luxurious Saxon carpets, which are less flat than certain fibers but have excellent abrasion resistance.

·Polypropylene fibers

Polypropylene fiber has good abrasion resistance, but its elasticity is not as good as other fibers. It is easy to clean, but it will leave scars after fire.

·Viscose fiber

Viscose fibers are not as elastic as most other fibers, and they tend to flatten, but they are relatively inexpensive.

·Yarn

The quality of the carpet depends on the raw materials chosen and the production technology. All carpets are made of coarse fibers, which are usually woven into yarns and then woven or tufted into fabrics in the store.

The spinning process includes:

1. Mix the raw wool in the exact proportion according to the "features" and "feel" required for the yarn;

2. The mixture is subjected to impurity removal, tearing and combing until they become straight, white, and free of impurities;

3. The fibers are organically unrolled, layered, and then cross-layered. Finally, the web is roving, and the roving is stretched and twisted on a spinning machine to increase the strength of the single yarn;

4. Two or more yarns are twisted or joined together to form a yarn with high tensile strength, which can be woven and clustered using high-efficiency, low-cost high-tech machinery, thus providing a The best combination of high quality raw materials, superior yarns and the most economical price.